Welcome to all new group members

New group members

New group members

I am very happy to introduce all new group members of our binary theory group.

Manos Zapartas, who joined as a PhD candidate in October after doing his masters in Amsterdam. Ylva Goetberg who joined as a PhD candidate in November, after finishing her thesis in Lund and  Abel Schootemeijer joining for his MSc project.  Furthermore we have Thomas Wijnen, PhD student in Nijmegen with Onno Pols who will be visiting frequently.

New Paper Accepted: Mystery of the Blue Supergiants

Screen Shot 2014-12-08 at 9.49.34 PMBlue super giants are stars that are too bright and too big. Stellar models predict that they should be very rare and yet we find many of them.  We don’t know if they are regular main sequence stars burning hydrogen, whether they are in the helium burning phase or whether they are on verge of exploding…. the progenitor of supernova 1987a was a blue supergiant.  In this paper lead by Catherine McEnvoy and Philip Dufton (Belfast) we investigate the properties of blue super giants in the Tarantula survey.  Never before we had such a well studied set of these stars. From this sample we learn that  we have under estimated how big and cool massive stars get on the main sequence. An extension down to 20,000 K is suggested.

“The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey XX: Atmospheric Parameters and Nitrogen Abundances to investigate the Role of binarity and the width of the Main Sequence”   C.M. McEvoy, P. L. Dufton, C. J. Evans, V. M. Kalari, N. Markova, S. Simón-Díaz, J. Vink, N. Walborn, P. A. Crowther, A. de Koter, S. E. de Mink, P. R. Dunstall, V. Hénault-Brunet, A. Herrero, N. Langer, D. J. Lennon, J. Maíz Apellániz, F. Najarro,, J. Puls, H. Sana, F. R. N. Schneider, W. D. Taylor, accpeted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysics

New Paper: Hubble Legacy Extra Galactic UV Survey (accepted for publ.)

LEGUSThis Hubble Space Telescope Treasury program is imaging 50 nearby galaxies in full color resolving many of their stars, star clusters and associations. Science goals: (1) quantify how the clustering of star formation evolves both in space and time, (2) discriminate among models of star cluster evolution, (3) investigate the effects of starformation history on the UV starfornation rate calibrations, (4) explore the impacts of environment on star formation and cluster evolution across the full range of galactic and ISM properties, (5) investigate UV-excess globular clusters across multiple environments, (6) study the environment surrounding supernovae.

Description of the survey (Calzetti et al. 2014 accepted for publ. in AJ). Link to LEGUS website.

New Paper: Rotating stars up to 500 Solar Masses (accepted for publ.)

Screen Shot 2014-10-21 at 9.45.15 AMGrowing evidence for the existence of very massive stars (up to 500 Solar Masses) motivated the development of corresponding stellar evolution models accounting for a wide range of rotation rates (0 to 550 km/s), masses (from 70 to 500 M⊙), LMC composition covering the hydrogen burning phase.  In Kohler et al. we discuss the many peculiar phenomena, homogenous evolution, inflation, mass loss.  We find that mass loss and spin down prevents the formation of pair instability supernovae and long gamma-ray burst, for these high masses.

Koehler, Langer, de Koter, de Mink, Crowther et al. accepted for publication in A&A (2014)

Transition to Amsterdam

I am heading to Amsterdam as a University Lecturer and MacGillabry Fellow to start a new Research group there  A very welcome to Manos Zapartas (Starting as a PhD student Oct 1st), Abel Schootemeijer (starting as a MSc student Oct...
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Searching for exoplanets at Palomar Observatory

Just spent a night at Mount Palomar Observatory at the 200 inch (5.1 meter) telescope.  Quite amazing that this mountain, just 2.5 hours from Los Angeles, is the location of the telescope, which used to be the most important telescope for about 4 decades until 1992.

I joined a team lead by Ben Oppenheimer (American Museum of National History) that build a special instrument that can not only detect planets (which is very challenging because it is sitting right next to a very bright star) but also get some information about the properties of the planet through its spectrum (which is even more challenging to get).  The museum made a very nice short video explaining how this works: “Seeing planets like never before”.

Unfortunately, the weather was not very good: it was clear, but the strong winds made the air too turbulent.   So, no new discoveries tonight, but for me a very useful and special experience.

New Paper: How many massive stars are product of a binary merger?

Incidence of mergers and other products among a typical population of massive stars.

A merger between two stars may sound like an exotic event, but for massive stars this is not rare at all.  About a quarter has a companion that is so close that the two stars will coalesce to form a new rejuvenated star (Sana, de Mink et al. Science 2012). In this paper we simulate the evolution of the stars and their interaction processes.  We predict the incidence of stellar mergers and other products of binary evolution among a typical stellar population. Furthermore we show that these products typically appear to be single stars.  Published in Astrophysical Journal, De Mink et al. (2014).

Most massive stars in young starclusters are binary products (new paper, ApJ in press)

Screen Shot 2014-12-07 at 6.14.17 PMSeventy percent of all O-stars is expected to interact with a binary companion during it’s life. The mass changes resulting from such interactions and stellar winds leave characteristic signatures in stellar mass function of young star clusters. Using these we model the mass functions of the Arches and Quintuplet cluster accounting for binary interaction and derive an age of 3.5+/-0.7 Myr and 4.8+/-0.1 Myr.  Based on our simulations, we expect the most massive 9+/-3 stars in Arches and 8+/-3 in Quintuplet to be the product of binary evolution. We propose this as a solution to the long standing age controversy for these clusters and we discuss the implications for the upper stellar mass limit

ApJ in press,  SCHNEIDER,  IZZARD, DE MINK , LANGER, STOLTE, DE KOTER, GVARAMADZE, HUSSMANN, LIERMANN & SANA